1. What groups or people are deemed “vulnerable populations”? What measures can be put in place to protect these groups?
2. What is the Belmont Report? It provides a framework with three ideas in mind. What are they? Why was the IRB created?
2. Morally evaluate the fact that involuntary sterilization is permitted in some states in the USA. Make sure to use moral theories or principles in your answer.
1. A patient presents at the hospital with signs and symptoms of pancreatic cancer. The prognosis is not good and radiation and chemotherapy treatment would cause additional discomfort and nausea to the patient. The patient elects to return home with only pain medication, forgoing any treatment. The patient is married and has young children.
1. When is it justifiable to force treatment on a patient who refuses?
2. Does this physician respect the autonomy of this patient?
2. The following clip was taken from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j0AkJXI2Yxk(Henrietta Lacks Galerie Myrtis CBS Sunday Morning)
Henrietta Lack’s cells have been used for research for decades, though she did not provide consent for their use. Please apply the principles of a) autonomy, b) beneficence, and c) utility to this scenario and describe if the researchers’ actions were ethical overall.
1. Evaluate the following case a) using the moral principle of autonomy and b) critique the principle of autonomy (you can use an ethics of care perspective (p. 61-64); or shared decision making perspectives; or informed consent (chpt5); or the principle of beneficence; or paternalism). Then, c) provide an overall recommendation.
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